STOCKHOLM (AP) — French writer Annie Ernaux was awarded this yr’s Nobel Prize in literature for “the braveness and scientific acuity with which she uncovers the roots, estrangements and collective restraints of private reminiscence,” the Swedish Academy mentioned Thursday.
Ernaux, 82, began out writing autobiographical novels, however rapidly deserted fiction in favor of memoirs.
Her greater than 20 books, most of them very brief, chronicle occasions in her life and the lives of these round her. They current uncompromising portraits of sexual encounters, abortion, sickness and the deaths of her mother and father.
Anders Olsson, chairman, Nobel Committee for literature, mentioned Ernaux’s work was typically “uncompromising and written in plain language, scraped clear.”
“She has achieved one thing admirable and enduring,” he informed reporters after the announcement in Stockholm, Sweden.
Ernaux describes her model as “flat writing” (ecriture plate), a really goal view of the occasions she is describing, unshaped by florid description or overwhelming feelings.
Within the guide that made her title, “La Place” (A Man’s Place), about her relationship along with her father, she writes: “No lyrical reminiscences, no triumphant shows of irony. This impartial writing model involves me naturally.”
Her most critically acclaimed guide was “The Years” (Les annees), printed in 2008 and describing herself and wider French society from the tip of World Warfare II to the current day. Not like in earlier books, in “The Years,” Ernaux writes about herself within the third individual, calling her character “she” fairly than “I”. The guide obtained quite a few awards and honors.
Final yr’s prize went to the Tanzanian-born, U.Ok.-based author Abdulrazak Gurnah, whose novels discover the affect of migration on people and societies.
Gurnah was solely the sixth Nobel literature laureate born in Africa, and the prize has lengthy confronted criticism that it’s too targeted on European and North American writers. It is usually male-dominated, with simply 16 girls amongst its 118 laureates.
The prizes to Gurnah in 2021 and U.S. poet Louise Glück in 2020 helped the literature prize transfer on from years of controversy and scandal.
In 2018, the award was postponed after intercourse abuse allegations rocked the Swedish Academy, which names the Nobel literature committee, and sparked an exodus of members. The academy revamped itself however confronted extra criticism for giving the 2019 literature award to Austria’s Peter Handke, who has been referred to as an apologist for Serbian warfare crimes.
A week of Nobel Prize announcements kicked off Monday with Swedish scientist Svante Paabo receiving the award in medicine for unlocking secrets and techniques of Neanderthal DNA that offered key insights into our immune system.
Three scientists collectively received the prize in physics Tuesday. Frenchman Alain Aspect, American John F. Clauser and Austrian Anton Zeilinger had proven that tiny particles can retain a reference to one another even when separated, a phenomenon referred to as quantum entanglement, that can be utilized for specialised computing and to encrypt info.
The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded Wednesday to Americans Carolyn R. Bertozzi and K. Barry Sharpless, and Danish scientist Morten Meldal for growing a manner of “snapping molecules collectively” that can be utilized to discover cells, map DNA and design medication that may goal illnesses akin to most cancers extra exactly.
The 2022 Nobel Peace Prize might be introduced on Friday and the economics award on Monday.
The prizes carry a money award of 10 million Swedish kronor (almost $900,000) and might be handed out on Dec. 10. The cash comes from a bequest left by the prize’s creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel, in 1895.